How to Take CBD

How to Take CBD: Best Ways, Advantages & Disadvantages

If you are thinking of taking advantage of everything Cannabidiol (CBD) can offer you, it helps to know-how. The advantages and disadvantages of the different methods are good to know. Some methods are better for some than others. You will not know which is best for you until you try.

Here we will look at the different CBD delivery methods. We will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. This will help you to decide where you would like to begin. If you are already using CBD, you may discover a new method to try. Keep an open mind to get more out of this information.

What are the Best Ways to Take CBD?

How to Take CBD

Methods for Vaping CBD

Many people enjoy using a vape pen for CBD. This method is preferred by those looking for how to take CBD with them everywhere. There are several devices available on the market for enjoying CBD by vaping it. This can be done through a pen with a cartridge as well as a vaporizer. Devices for vaping can be found practically anywhere as well as purchased online.

  • Advantages – Pens can be used almost anywhere because they produce little to no smoke. Those who enjoy large plumes can purchase rigs with this ability. Vaping can be easy to use. They can be customized depending on the experience you prefer. It is possible to enjoy different flavors to make vaping CBD even more enjoyable and less obvious.
  • Disadvantages – There may be health risks involved with vaping. Additional research is needed to find cartridge delivery systems that are deemed safe. Customizable rigs may be confusing to casual users.

Convenient Edible Forms of CBD

There are plenty of edibles on the market that contain CBD. Among the most popular forms is CBD gummies. Simply chew the edibles as you would most snacks and you will feel the effects after it has been digested.

The THC will pass through your life and digestive tract into your bloodstream. In addition to purchasing CBD edibles, it is possible for those with a penchant for baking to make their own treats. Plenty of recipes online exist for making your own CBD edibles.

  • Advantages – You can carry edibles with you anywhere. They look like regular snacks, so they will not arouse suspicion. The different flavors and types of edibles offer you a wide variety. The flavor of CBD is masked by the other ingredients. The effects will last longer.
  • Disadvantages – It can take upwards of 45 minutes after eating CBD edibles for it to take effect. The “first-pass effect” in the liver and digestive tract reduces the amount of CBD your body will absorb. Edibles lose their potency over time. Some edibles may require refrigeration.

Take CBD

Enjoying CBD Gummies Anytime

One of the most popular ways to enjoy CBD is in the form of a gummy. These can take the format of popular candies you already enjoy. Such shapes as gummy bears and peach rings are very popular ways to enjoy consuming CBD.

  • Advantages – There are so many delicious flavors of CBD gummies available. It is even possible for you to find gummies in a variety pack of flavors so you will not become bored with them. They are easy to carry, so you can take them with you everywhere you go for discrete consumption.
  • Disadvantages – As with any edible, the biggest disadvantage of CBD gummies is the length of time required for them to take effect. You will need to keep track of when the last CBD gummy may be wearing off so you can consume another in time. It can take over 45 minutes for you to feel the effects of CBD when consumed in this manner.

Using Topical Solutions with CBD

Lotions and creams are available on the market with CBD infused. This convenient format is available for you to simply slip into your pocket or purse and take with you anywhere. Those who require lotions for dry skin will find this format especially effective. You can even add CBD oil to your favorite lotions to get that additional boost.

  • Advantages – Rubbing lotion on your body feels great and is a discrete way to get CBD into your system. Since it is in the form of a lotion, no one will give a second thought to whether CBD is an ingredient or not. Highly portable and easy to use, it is valued by many who use CBD to treat skin conditions.
  • Disadvantages – Topical CBD has the lowest bioavailability of all the different consumption methods. With the ability to absorb less than 5% of the CBD, it is the least effective way to feel the effects of CBD internally. For anything other than skin conditions being treated directly, topical CBD is not going to offer the results you’re looking for.

how to take cbd oil

How to Take CBD Capsules

One of the most reliable methods for taking CBD is in the form of capsules. Simply take the pill with a glass of water at regular intervals for effects that last throughout the day. You are able to purchase the capsules in different levels of CBD to suit your needs.

  • Advantages – Carrying CBD capsules with you can be discreet and protects the potency levels. No additional calories or flavors will be encountered when taking CBD in this method. Once your dosage levels have been established, this is an easy way to maintain them without any measuring required on your part.
  • Disadvantages – One of the problems with how to take CBD capsules is with the manufacturers. It is necessary to know the difference between an isolate and a full spectrum. It is also important to do your research. The producer of a capsule should test them for potency and effectiveness.

Utilizing Oils for Food

CBD can be suspended in oil. This is one of the most preferred methods to purchase CBD. If you are wondering how to take CBD oil, the answer is almost limitless. You can take it directly, as a tincture, or it can be added to other things you ingest. It is common to add oil to dressings or even directly when cooking. By adding the oil to your food, it is possible to further mask the flavor of CBD.

  • Advantages – This is a fun way to change up how to take CBD. The methods for how to take CBD oil are only limited by your imagination. The taste of the food you pair the oil with can make using CBD very enjoyable. It is possible to stretch out the CBD in a manner that is possible for you to share with friends.
  • Disadvantages – It can be hard to control dosage when adding to your food. When sharing a dish, your dosage could be off. When preparing something you enjoy eating, it is possible to take in more CBD than intended. Ingesting CBD makes it take longer for it to enter your bloodstream.

take cbd oil

Lotions and Topical Solutions

Rubbing CBD into your skin is another popular method for delivery. This is in the form of lotions and topical solutions. It is possible to purchase lotions from different providers as well as it is to add oil to your favorite lotions. This way, you can carry lotion with you wherever you go and apply it as needed. It can also be in the form of balms and salves for use on different parts of your body. Much like when looking at how to take CBD tinctures, your skin absorbs the lotion and CBD along with it.

  • Advantages – It is possible to find topical applications that do more than what CBD may offer. There is no need to measure the dosage of CBD when using this method. The application method is simple utilizing your hands and no additional tools or accessories. It is a simple method for everyone to do regardless of past history with CBD. Topical solutions can be applied to any part of the body.
  • Disadvantages – Unlike sublingual methods, skin absorption of CBD is not very effective. You will require a stronger concentration in the topical solution to get desired effects. Additionally, the effects you do experience through this method will not be long-lasting.

Your preference for using CBD may take many forms. It is possible to use various methods to keep things from getting boring. These methods offer you a great overview of how to take advantage of this amazing compound. Try one, or try them all.  The experts in this Torrance dispensary are always ready to help with your cannabis needs. This way, you will have a better idea of which you like best. This may depend on your tastes or the way CBD makes you feel. Just remember to play with the dosage until you find exactly what works best for you.


CBD for Pets

CBD for Pets: How CBD Oil is Helpful for Pets?

What is CBD for Pets?

When you are considering using CBD for your pets, it is important to have all the facts. The first and most important is to distinguish between CBD (Cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).

CBD does not contain the psychedelic properties that are found in THC. This is important because you definitely want to avoid getting your pet high. With this in mind, let’s take a look at CBD products and how they can be helpful for your pets.

What Is CBD Oil for Pets?

Among the most common ways to provide CBD for your pets is through CBD oil. This is where CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant.

This can be done through different methods like:

  • Solvents like butane or propane
  • Steam distillation
  • CO2
  • Olive Oil

If an extraction method, other than oil, is used, the resulting extraction can be infused into the oil. In the case of an oil extraction method, the oil is infused with CBD. Carrier oils for the extraction can include coconut oil and others. This is different than the CBD oil used for vaporizers because it is intended to be ingested.

cbd oil for pets

CBD Products on the Market

There are quite a few CBD products already on the market for your pets. Edibles are very popular with owners. It is a premeasured way to get your pets to enjoy eating CBD. The trick is to find edibles your pet is going to willingly consume.

CBD oil is another product on the market you can provide your pet with. This will allow you to simply add it to food for your pet to consume. This will provide you with less control over your pet consuming all of the oil.

There are also CBD topical products available on the market. While the absorption rate is lower than CBD that is ingested, it is easier to apply directly to the affected areas you are attempting to treat. Make sure when using these products you are able to prevent your pet from licking it off.

How Does CBD Affect Pets?

CBD can affect animals differently. The CB1 receptors are what it attaches to. This will cause your pet to feel certain results, such as decreased pain, inflammation, and a more relaxed state. There are still tests being conducted on how CBD reacts with pets to determine what happens on a chemical level throughout the body as well as in the brain.

What Animal Health Problems Can CBD Oil Help With?

Most pet owners are purchasing CBD to help with a specific health malady. Some of the most common health problems this can help with are pain, anxiety, and seizures. Let’s take a closer look at each of these.

  • Pain

Inflammation can be a cause of pain as well as a reaction to it. CBD is known to help with inflammation. This can alleviate inflammation-related pain, or lessen the discomfort caused by pain. Pain can also be affected directly through how CBD reacts with the endocannabinoid system (ECS).

what is cbd for pets

  • Anxiety

CBD in general can help to relieve anxiety by relaxing your pet. This is especially true when using full-spectrum products. This will contain trace amounts of THC that will help to even further relax your pet. You will notice overly hyper pets becoming more docile over time as a result.

  • Seizures

The only condition the FDA has authorized CBD to treat his seizures. While they have not authorized any product specifically for pets as of yet, it has been shown to have a dramatic effect on seizures. This is due to how it binds with the CB1 receptors.

Possible Side Effects

As with anything in life, there are going to be some side effects when using CBD oil. This is not to say every pet will experience side effects. Some will experience none while those that do will vary in severity. It is important to note larger doses of CBD carry a higher risk of suffering from any side effects.

Some of the most common side effects include:

  • Changes in appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea

If you notice any of these side effects, you may want to try reducing dosage levels as well as talking to your vet.

cbd products for pets

Risks of Using CBD Oil

The biggest risk of using CBD oil is purchasing from a disreputable producer. To avoid this, always look for a Certificate of Analysis (COA). This is a public document that attests to the ingredients stated as used in the product is actually used in the product.

Another risk is that the product will use a full-spectrum CBD oil that contains trace amounts of THC. Last, you could potentially expose your pet to higher levels of THC if you purchase CBD intended for humans in dispensaries where THC is sold.

How to Pick the Right CBD Oil for Pet?

First and foremost do not be fooled into purchasing hemp oil instead of CBD oil. Hemp oil is made from hemp seed and does not contain any CBD. Always check for a COA as mentioned above. Seek products that use a solvent extraction method or oil infusion. Read through the ingredient list to make sure it contains little to no sweeteners. You should also be careful not to purchase products with chocolate or essential oils in the product.

CBD for your pet can be highly beneficial. Being choosy with the products you purchase will give your pet the best chance for enjoying the benefits therein. If you understand what you are buying and use it properly, it will help to get the best results for your pet.

Remember to always speak with your vet when you are choosing to offer your pet CBD to make sure it will not interfere with any other medication your pet is taking.

What is CBG

What is CBG? Uses, Benefits and Effects

If you have been keeping up with the times, you know what CBD and THC are. What you may not know about, but should, is CBG. This is just one more of the hundreds of compounds in a cannabis plant. More is being discovered about this exciting compound every day. Here are some quick facts about what is CBG?

What is CBG?

The first thing is first. What is CBG and why are you just now hearing about it. CBG stands for cannabigerol. It is a parent compound found in cannabis.

CBG starts out as CBGA – the acid version that converts into CBG. From this state, CBG then converts into THCA and CBDA among other compounds. It is the reason why some in the community refer to it as a cannabis stem cell.

Because most plants are cultivated for high CBD and THC levels, CBG levels are very low. By beginning to understand the benefits this compound has to offer, more research is being invested in.

 cbg benefits

What Are the Benefits of CBG?

Luckily, such organizations as NCBI have conducted studies utilizing CBG. They have evidence to suggest CBG offers a host of health benefits. The physiological benefits are similar to that of CBD. This is due in part to the fact that, according to NCBI, CB1 and CB2 receptors are affected by CBG.

There is evidence to suggest CBG can help with conditions such as:

  • Colitis
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Cancer

This is based on information gleaned from a study from NCBI. The benefits are enhanced when utilized along with CBD or THC. This combined enhancement is what is known as the entourage effect.

A different study from NCBI from 2013 suggests it is possible to reduce inflammation. This was related specifically to inflammatory bowel disease. It was shown to have an effect on lab mice, and therefore may be beneficial to humans as well.

Yet one more study from NCBI in 2014 used rats to show the possibility of reducing the growth rates of cancer cells. This was related to rats with colon cancer. It makes it possible there may be a link between CBG and reducing colon cancer.

Enjoying the Benefits of CBG

You may enjoy the benefits of CBG rather easily. A number of different products are hitting the market. This includes everything from edibles to flowers to cartridges for an oil cartridge vape pen.

The method by which you utilize CBG will depend on what you are most comfortable with. Things like extracts can be added to food or drinks much the same way CBD is. This way, you can get the benefits you desire in a discreet manner.

For those looking to utilize CBG on the go, it is possible to find an oil vape pen. You can discreetly inhale the vapor with no scent, or a pleasing scent. This way, you can maintain your usage wherever you go.

cbg cannabinoid benefits

What to be Careful of with CBG?

As mentioned above, CBG is not in plentiful supply. There are those in the industry seeking to find ways to produce more. This is accomplished through cross-breeding different plants. The idea is to generate more plants with higher levels of CBG that are not converted into other compounds.

In the meantime, non-regulation of the market can create problems. Some may inadvertently offer products without safety concerns addressed. Others may consciously attempt to take advantage of people. It is best to stick to products which have undergone third-party testing for purity and potency.

Keep in mind there are, as of yet, no official endorsements from the FDA of the efficacy of CBG. It is important to speak with your doctor before starting to use CBG. It is possible doing so without a conversation could cause problems. Interaction with medication is always a possibility.

The Future of CBG

While the research is ongoing, there is still a lot we do not know about CBG. More research will be conducted as more people, like you, get interested. The explosion in the marketplace is causing the necessary buzz to drive research.

Dosage calculations, as well as FDA endorsement, may be on the way. This will help us to know better about how much we should use and why. More of the scientific community is willing to identify the health benefits of CBG. This is due in large part to the easing of the stigma attached to cannabis. As THC is legalized in more places, more cannabis can be cultivated. This will also help us to discover more information.

We know about the possible health benefits CBG may offer. It is easy to see the potential for this compound. As the parent of so many other understood and beneficial compounds, it is likely we will discover more.

Take the time to do your research on any product you are thinking about taking. Talk with your doctor. As always, start with a low dosage and increase gradually until you find the dosage that works best for you.

is it legal to smoke cbd in public in california

Is it Legal to Smoke CBD in Public in California?

California is known for many things, including its legalizing of recreational marijuana and relaxed laws surrounding hemp and CBD. When the state legalized marijuana use in 2016, this legislation extended to include CBD products like hemp flower, oils, and elixirs.

Although California’s hemp laws are a little more relaxed than those applied to cannabis, they are still relevant and bear looking out for. So, keep reading to find out more about what these regulations include and whether it is legal to smoke CBD in public in California.

Hemp and Marijuana – What’s the Difference?

Since hemp and marijuana have different regulations and laws, it is important to understand how these two plants differ.

Firstly, both are species of the cannabis plant; however, marijuana has high levels of THC, that cannabinoid responsible for getting people high.

In contrast, hemp strains have low levels of THC and high amounts of CBD. But, for a hemp plant to be processed into CBD products, its THC levels must be less than 0.3%.

However, despite this vast difference in chemical makeup, these two plants have a few similarities too. For instance, it is almost impossible to differentiate between physical appearance since a CBD flower bud and a marijuana bud look identical.

Additionally, both plants have that same aromatic smell thanks to the terpenes present in both species.

Since THC is known for getting people “high,” and many don’t tolerate this well, CBD is far more popular for its calming, healing properties. And, because its effects on people are far more beneficial, it is a more acceptable choice.

is it legal to smoke cbd in california

Hemp Regulations in California

Since hemp and marijuana differ, so do their regulations. So, let’s take a closer look at the hemp laws in California.

Is It Legal to Grow Hemp in California?

While the Adult Use of Marijuana Act permits individuals over the age of 21 to grow up to six marijuana plants, the state law prohibits the growing of CBD hemp for personal use.

Is It Legal to Buy High-Level CBD Hemp in California?

Yes, you can legally buy hemp with high levels of CBD in California online or from state-approved dispensaries. But, keep in mind that despite hemp having only trace amounts of THC, it is not sold to individuals under the age of 21.

Further, while there are purchasing limits attached to marijuana ( adults using recreational marijuana may only buy 28.5 g of cannabis bud or 8 g of cannabis concentrate per day), there are no limits applied to CBD hemp. But keep in mind that if you buy hemp and the police pull you over, it may be mistakenly identified as marijuana, leading to legal issues.

Another aspect of buying CBD or hemp in California is CBD-infused products. While the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) prohibits the consumption of products infused with CBD, like food and beverage items and even dietary supplements, viewing CBD as a drug under the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, California takes a different stance.

California Governor Gavin Newsom signed California Assembly Bill 45 into law, permitting the consumption of CBD consumables and nutritional supplements in the state. However, the CBD included in these items must have a THC level of less than 0.3% and cannot include inhalable products like smokable hemp. So, the state prohibits the manufacture and sale of items that promote smoking hemp, despite the amendments to the Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act by AB-45.

Finally, CBD hemp must comply with the regulations and licensing stipulations drawn up by the Department of Food and Agriculture and the State Department of Public Health, in consultation with the Department of Cannabis Control.

Cannabinoids 101 - CBD

Is Smoking CBD Hemp Legal in CA?

Yes. Californians over the age of 21 can legally smoke hemp or marijuana. However, there are a few rules regarding where you can smoke, and again these differ for marijuana and hemp strains.

Smokers may only consume cannabis and medical marijuana in the privacy of their homes. But, if you’re caught smoking marijuana outdoors, you’re liable for a $100 fine. And, if you get caught smoking near a school, daycare, or in areas that prohibit tobacco smoking, officials can issue you with a fine of up to $250.

Is It Legal to Smoke CBD In Public In California?

No. Smoking marijuana is only legal in your own home.

Further, although legal hemp is permitted in California, it is regarded as illegal under federal law. As a result, taking cannabis, including CBD hemp, onto federal land like California state parks can get you into trouble.


Although hemp has far fewer restrictions and regulations than marijuana, consumers must follow a few rules. For example, while California doesn’t prohibit the smoking of CBD, it is illegal to smoke it in public, especially near state parks and areas banning tobacco smoking.

how to get a medical marijuana card in california

How to Get a Medical Marijuana Card in California

You don’t need a medical marijuana card to buy cannabis in California. However, there are benefits to getting an MMIC card if you are eligible for one because of a health condition. These include paying less tax on the cannabis you buy, and higher limits on the amount of cannabis you are allowed to buy and grow.

Where can I apply for an MMIC?

You cannot get a California medical marijuana card from your regular doctor or at a clinic or doctor’s office. Instead, you have to get an MMIC through your county’s medical marijuana program. If you apply for a medical cannabis card, you will need to visit your county’s Public Health Department offices in person to attend an appointment and provide the necessary forms and applications.

How to Get a Medical Marijuana Card in California

To get a medical marijuana identification card in California, you can apply at your county public health office by scheduling an in-person appointment and providing some paperwork, including a form completed by your doctor.

However, you can also streamline the process by going through an authorized cannabis clinic that can provide access to doctors who are experienced with the medical marijuana certification process.

While some states allow you to apply for a medical cannabis card online, in California you will need to attend an in-person appointment at your county office regardless of the route you take.

California mmj card

How to Apply for a Medical Marijuana ID Card in California

Applying for a medical marijuana card in California involves several steps:

Consult A Medical Professional

The first thing you need to apply for a medical marijuana ID card is to discuss your health condition with a doctor. You can do this in-person or via online cannabis telehealth platforms. These can quickly put you in contact with a doctor to talk about the medical condition you want to treat or manage with medical marijuana.

They will inquire into your medical history and ask you various questions about your health and your condition. You should also take the opportunity to ask any of the questions you might have about your condition, medical marijuana, or the application process.

Wait For Certification

If your doctor or telehealth clinic approves the use of medical marijuana for your condition, they will provide you with written documentation of their approval. This is usually in the shape of a completed CDPH 9044 form. This form confirms they have diagnosed you with having one of the medical conditions that can qualify you for medical marijuana use. It does not disclose which of the medical conditions you have, only that you are suffering from at least one of them, and that the doctor deems the use of medical cannabis as appropriate.

If you use a specialized cannabis clinic to consult a doctor about medical marijuana, you can get approval within minutes. However, taking other routes may involve more extensive discussion with your doctor and a longer wait to receive a physician’s approval for medical marijuana.

Apply At Your County Office

Once you have written documentation of a doctor’s approval for medical marijuana, you still need to apply to the medical marijuana program. You can only do that at the Department of Public Health office in your county. You have to do this in person.

Although cannabis clinics can greatly streamline this process or even do it for you in some states, this is not the case in California. You can only do this via an in-person appointment.

When you attend your medical marijuana application appointment, you will need to provide identification, various documentation and forms, and your doctor’s contact information and license number. You will also have to pay an application fee which varies from county to county. You will not get this fee back if your application is rejected.

Medical cannabis card in California

What documents are required?

When you go to the county office to attend your appointment, remember to bring all of the following documentation, or you will not be able to complete the application process:

  • A completed Medical Marijuana Program Application/Renewal form, CDPH 9042
  • Written approval for medical marijuana from a doctor, and/or a CDPH 9044 form completed by a doctor
  • A government-issued form of photo ID such as a driver’s license, passport, or veteran card
  • Proof of residence in your county such as a rent or utility bill. This document must provide your full name and address
  • If you have a Benefit Identification Card or Medi-Cal Card, you should bring these as well

If you are a primary caregiver of a person seeking a medical marijuana card, you should bring your own photo ID and proof of residence to the appointment.

How long does it take to get a medical marijuana card in California?

It can take up to 30 days for your application to be verified, and another 35 days to receive your medical marijuana card once your application has been approved.

How much does medical Marijuana card cost in California?

Fees vary by county, but they are usually under $100. If you receive healthcare through Medi-Cal, your application fee can be reduced by 50%.

How to Register

You can register for a medical marijuana card at your county office by scheduling an appointment and attending with all of the required documents and forms. Once you have registered for a medical marijuana card, it is valid for one year, after which you will need to apply for a medical marijuana card renewal through the same process.

Qualifying Debilitating Medical Conditions

Under the California Medical Marijuana Program you can qualify as a medical marijuana patient if you have one or more of the following qualifying conditions:

  • Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
  • Anorexia
  • Arthritis
  • Cachexia
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Glaucoma
  • Migraine
  • Persistent muscle spasms, including, but not limited to, spasms associated with multiple sclerosis
  • Seizures, including, but not limited to, seizures associated with epilepsy
  • Severe nausea

In addition to the above conditions, you may also be eligible for a medical marijuana card if you have any other chronic or persistent medical symptom that substantially limits your ability to conduct one or more major life activities as defined in the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, or may cause serious harm to your safety or physical or mental health if left untreated.

Medical marijuana ID

California Medical Cannabis Card FAQ

Can I go to a dispensary without a card in California?


Under California marijuana law, you do not need a medical card to buy recreational cannabis from a marijuana dispensary in California. However, some products are only sold to medical marijuana cardholders, and some dispensaries only cater to medical marijuana patients.

How to renew a medical card in California?

The process for renewing a medical marijuana card in California is the same as the application process.

Who are Caregivers?

A caregiver is anyone who provides support to an adult with a chronic or disabling health condition. This can include physical, emotional, financial, and logistical aid. When someone is registered as your caregiver, they can assist you with seeking appropriate medical treatment, collecting prescribed drugs on your behalf, and other tasks.

How many caregivers can I have?

You can have as many caregivers as you need. However, only your primary caregiver can assist you with obtaining medical marijuana, and you can only have one primary caregiver. Your primary caregiver is the person you have legally designated as responsible for your health, housing, or safety.

How a caregiver can help me?

Your primary caregiver can help you get a medical marijuana card by attending your doctor’s appointment and card application appointment with you to help you answer questions and provide the right documents. Once you are registered, your primary caregiver can buy, grow, and transport medical cannabis on your behalf.

Where Can I Legally Buy Medical Marijuana in California

You can buy medical marijuana from your nearest California dispensary that sells medical cannabis products, which you can find on online directories like Leafly and Weedmaps. You can also buy both medical and recreational cannabis from online dispensaries and cannabis clinics.

What are Terpenes

What are Terpenes?

Terpenes are aromatic compounds that contribute to the scent and taste of plants. The distinct smell associated with most plants is a result of their unique combination of terpenes. Terpenes are found in almost all types of plants and perform a wide variety of functions within the plant.

Where are terpenes found?

Terpenes are found in almost all types of plants, not just cannabis, and perform a wide variety of functions within the plant. Different kinds of terpenes are responsible for maintaining a plant’s immune system, repairing damaged cells, repelling pest insects, attracting beneficial insects, and more. Many of the terpenes found in cannabis are also found in other plants, which is why different strains of cannabis can offer such a broad range of distinct flavor profiles according to the combination of terpenes.

While some terpenes do not commonly occur naturally in cannabis plants, strains can be cultivated for specific terpene profiles, so you should not have any trouble finding the combination of terpenes you are looking for at a nearby dispensary.

What do terpenes do?

Many terpenes are bioactive, which means they can have effects on the body, contributing to the effects of consuming cannabis flower or full-spectrum cannabis products and extracts. Some marijuana terpenes also interact with cannabinoid receptors in the body in a similar way to cannabinoids. Because of this, many types of terpenes are used for the therapeutic benefits they may offer.

While only a few terpenes have been studied by scientific research, many different terpenes have been noted for having potential beneficial effects that have yet to be thoroughly investigated.

List of Cannabis Terpenes


  • Aroma: Hoppy, Herbal, Earthy
  • Effect: Studies on the effects of myrcene have suggested that high dosages of myrcene may protect tissues in the brain and heart from oxidative damage. It is also suggested to have antiseptic, sedative, anti-bacterial, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Boiling Point: 333° F
  • Top 3 Strains: Northern Lights, Amnesia, Kush Group
  • Description: Myrcene is one of the terpenes that contribute to the earthy scent of cannabis flower and is also found in hops, thyme, and lemongrass.

Cannabis Terpenes - Myrcene


  • Aroma: Peppery, Spicy, Earthy
  • Effect: Research has shown that beta-caryophyllene may have anticonvulsant, anti-anxiety, and pain-relieving benefits.
  • Boiling Point: 260° F
  • Top 3 Strains: Girl Scout Cookies, White Widow, Super Silver Haze
  • Description: Beta-caryophyllene causes the spicy, peppery flavor of some herbs and vegetables, such as garlic cloves or black pepper.

Marijuana Terpenes - Beta-caryophyllene


  • Aroma: Citrus
  • Effect: Some studies have shown that limonene can provide anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiviral, antidiabetic, and anticancer properties.
  • Boiling Point: 349° F
  • Top 3 Strains: Sour Diesel, Lemon Skunk, Trainwreck
  • Description: As the name suggests, limonene has a distinctive citrus scent, and is responsible for the smell of lemon and orange rinds. It may help regulate the behavior of certain immune cells.

Marijuana Terpenes - Limonene-caryophyllene


  • Aroma: Floral
  • Effect: Studies have suggested that linalool may have a number of potentially beneficial effects, including anti-anxiety, sedative, anticonvulsant, pain relief, and anti-depressant properties.
  • Boiling Point: 388° F
  • Top 3 Strains: Lavender, Headband, Amnesia Haze
  • Description: Linalool is abundant in the lavender plant, and is responsible for its rich and heady scent. It has a calming effect on many people and is a common feature of aromatherapy.

Cannabis Terpenes - Linalool


  • Aroma: Turpentine, Pine, Dill
  • Effect: Pinene is a natural bronchodilator and anti-inflammatory, and may also help your body to fight off respiratory infections.
  • Boiling Point: 311° F
  • Top 3 Strains: AK-47, Blue Dream, Pineapple Express
  • Description: Pinene causes the sharp, bright scent of many plants such as pine trees, rosemary, and basil.

Cannabis Terpenes - Pinene


  • Aroma: Hoppy, Earthy
  • Effect: Humulene may help in preventing allergic reactions and asthma, in addition to possible anti-bacterial and pain relief benefits.
  • Boiling Point: 388° F
  • Top 3 Strains: Girl Scout Cookies, White Widow, Sour Diesel
  • Description: Humulene is one of the main terpenes that give hops their aroma. It is believed to have protective and anti-inflammatory effects.

Marijuana Terpenes - Humulene


  • Aroma: Woods, Smoke, Herbal
  • Effect: Terpinolene may act as an anti-oxidant, and some research has suggested it may inhibit the growth of new cancer cells. In combination with other cannabinoids, it may also contribute to a calming, sedative effect.
  • Boiling Point: 343-347, 361° F
  • Top 3 Strains: Jack Herer, Pineapple Jack, Afghani
  • Description: Terpinolene adds a smoky, herbal scent, and is found in cumin and nutmeg. It is also a common additive in cleaning products due to its antibacterial and antifungal properties.

Marijuana Terpenes - Terpinolene


  • Aroma: Woody, Tangy, Citrus, Floral, Sweet
  • Effect: Alpha-bisabolol is being studied for potential medicinal use as an anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial agent.
  • Boiling Point: 307° F
  • Top 3 Strains: Harle-Tsu, Headband, ACDC
  • Description: Alpha-bisabolol creates the sweet, floral scent of chamomile, and may also provide soothing effects.

Marijuana Terpene - Alpha-Bisabolol


  • Aroma: Minty, Earthy, Cool
  • Effect: Eucalyptol is widely purported to have antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and anti-bacterial effects on the respiratory system.
  • Boiling Point: 349° F
  • Top 3 Strains: Super Silver Haze, Headband, ACDC
  • Description: Eucalyptol is, unsurprisingly, abundant in eucalyptus trees, providing their cool and minty scent.

Cannabis Terpenes - Eucalyptol


  • Aroma: Floral
  • Effect: Geraniol has been shown by some studies to help reduce post-injury inflammation, as well as offer antioxidant, antifungal, antibacterial, and neuroprotectant properties.
  • Boiling Point: 447° F
  • Top 3 Strains: Lavender, Amnesia Haze, Headband
  • Description: Geraniol creates the sweet floral scent of geraniums, with light citrus notes.

Cannabis Terpenes - Geraniol

What is the endocannabinoid system

What is the Endocannabinoid System?

Cannabis, and the products derived from it such as CBD oil, has a broad range of effects as it contains chemicals that interact with a system in the human body that regulates many vital processes. This system is called the endocannabinoid system.

Although it was only discovered within the last 30 years, understanding the endocannabinoid system could be key to understanding and utilizing the medicinal and therapeutic potential of cannabis and cannabis extracts. But what exactly is the endocannabinoid system, and how does it work?

What is the Endocannabinoid System?

The endocannabinoid system is a complex signaling system that the cells in your body use to communicate. The endocannabinoid system was only discovered in the early 1990s. As a result, experts are still studying the system to understand what it does and how it works.

While not yet fully understood, the endocannabinoid system is known to play a role in regulating a wide range of functions throughout the body, such as sleep, memory, appetite, and mood. Because of this, cannabinoid chemicals found in cannabis and other plants may have effects on the body due to their interactions with the endocannabinoid system.

Endocannabinoid System Structure

The endocannabinoid system is comprised of three main components. These are:

Cannabinoid Receptors

Endocannabinoid receptors are found throughout the body. Cannabinoids in the body can bind to these receptors, signaling to the endocannabinoid system to perform different functions according to the cannabinoid chemical binding to the receptor.

There are two main types of cannabinoid receptors. CB1 receptors are mainly found in the central nervous system, while CB2 receptors mostly exist in the peripheral nervous system and immune cells.


Enzymes break down cannabinoids once they have completed their function of binding to cannabinoid receptors so that the receptors are available for further signals.


Endogenous cannabinoids, or endocannabinoids, are cannabinoid chemicals that are produced by your body. Your body produces them as needed for various functions in the body, and researchers have yet to clearly establish what the healthy levels of the few known endocannabinoids should be.

endocannabinoid system explained

What Does the Endocannabinoid System Do?

As previously mentioned, a full understanding of the endocannabinoid system and its various functions has not yet been fully established. It has been linked to many processes throughout the body, including:

  • Appetite and digestion
  • Metabolism
  • Chronic pain
  • Inflammation and other immune system responses
  • Mood
  • Learning and memory
  • Motor control
  • Sleep
  • Cardiovascular system function
  • Muscle formation
  • Bone remodeling and growth
  • Liver function
  • Reproductive system function
  • Stress
  • Skin and nerve function

These functions all contribute to the stability of your body’s internal conditions, also known as homeostasis. If this balance is disrupted by illness or injury, the endocannabinoid system is part of the body’s response to restore the balance and return your body to healthy operation. It does more than just respond to damage or infection, however.

The endocannabinoid system is regulating your body in this way all the time. It decides when you need to sweat when you need to feel hungry, and many more details that keep your body in a healthy balance throughout the day.

This is currently believed to be the primary purpose of the endocannabinoid system.

Several health conditions are now believed to be a result of endocannabinoid deficiencies or dysfunction of the endocannabinoid system. As a result, cannabinoids from plants such as cannabis, known as phytocannabinoids, are the subject of medical research to investigate their uses in managing the endocannabinoid system.

How do phytocannabinoids work with ECS?

While endocannabinoids are cannabinoids that come from within the body, phytocannabinoids are cannabinoids that come from plants, most notably cannabis, from which they derive their name. Some phytocannabinoids can interact with the human endocannabinoid system to produce various effects depending on the particular chemical. The cannabis plant is a rich source of some of the more potent phytocannabinoids with effects on the human body, such as THC and CBD.

Much like with endocannabinoids, the effect that a phytocannabinoid has on your body when it binds to a cannabinoid receptor varies depending on the phytocannabinoid in question.

Cannabinoids 101 - THC

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main psychoactive phytocannabinoid found in cannabis and is responsible for most of its intoxicating effects. THC can bind to both CB1 and CB2 receptors. As a result, it can have significant effects on both the body and the mind. Its effects include pain and nausea relief, improved sleep, and appetite stimulation.

THC has notable psychoactive properties, which may be desirable for recreational use but make it unsuitable as a long-term medicinal solution. As a result, people seeking the therapeutic effects of THC often prefer non-intoxicating alternatives such as THCA, CBD, and other phytocannabinoids found in cannabis plants.

Cannabidiol (CBD) is another well-known phytocannabinoid found in cannabis. Unlike THC it has no intoxicating effects and is commonly used to tackle pain, inflammation, nausea, and anxiety. CBD does not bind to cannabinoid receptors.

Cannabinoids 101 - CBDInstead, most researchers believe it interacts with the endocannabinoid system by preventing the breakdown of endocannabinoids, causing them to continue having an effect on your body for longer. Other experts studying CBD believe that it binds to a cannabinoid receptor which has not been discovered yet.

If you still have questions about cannabinoids and how to use them you can always consult with our friendly staff at your local marijuana dispensary.

what are cannabinoids

What Are Cannabinoids?

Cannabinoids are a very broad range of chemicals that interact with the endocannabinoid system. Beyond their ability to interact with cannabinoid receptors in your body, cannabinoids do not necessarily share other similarities with each other. For example, not all cannabinoids share the same structure or have the same effect on the body.

Different cannabinoids have different cannabinoid effects. Nor do they all come from the same natural sources. In fact, some cannabinoids are synthetic, meaning that they are manufactured rather than extracted from a natural source.

While the word can refer to cannabinoids from any source, it is commonly associated with the cannabinoid chemicals found in cannabis and hemp plants, and the effects produced by using cannabis. This is because cannabis is a very rich source of these compounds. Depending on the strain of the plant, cannabis can contain up to 100 cannabinoids.

The most well-known cannabinoids found in cannabis are THC and CBD. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, otherwise known as THC, is the cause of the psychoactive effects of marijuana. Cannabidiol, or CBD, has no such effect but is responsible for many of the therapeutic effects that people can experience from cannabis or CBD use.

Types of Cannabinoids

Here’s a list of the major known cannabinoids.


CBD or cannabidiol is a chemical that can be extracted from either cannabis or hemp plants and is often sold in marijuana dispensaries as an oil or dietary supplement, as well as many other forms such as drinks, topical lotions, and more. Not all cannabis plants provide significant amounts of CBD, regardless of how many other cannabinoids they contain, such as THC.Cannabinoids 101 - CBD

CBD is commonly used to provide various therapeutic effects without any of the psychoactive effects associated with cannabis products that also contain THC. Cannabinoid receptors play a role in regulating appetite, sleep, pain, and immune system responses. As a result, many CBD users report reduced inflammation, chronic pain, and anxiety because of CBD use, as well as improved appetite and sleep.


Cannabidiolic acid, or CBDA, is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that is a precursor to CBD. When CBDA is heated it decarboxylates to become CBD. This happens instantly when smoking or vaping, or more slowly when plant material is left to dry.

However, CBDA itself can also confer benefits when consumed before it has been turned into CBD. While less studied than CBD, research into CBDA has found it to potentially be more effective as an anti-depressant and anti-nausea drug than CBD.


Cannabigerol, or CBG, is often known as the mother of all cannabinoids, as other cannabinoids are derived from the acidic form of cannabigerol, cannabigerolic acid. Like CBD, CBG may have benefits as an anti-inflammatory, however, its potential benefits for humans have yet to be thoroughly researched.

CBG is only found in small quantities in most cannabis products. While most products are made or extracted from mature plants, CBG is only present in large quantities in younger plants. As a result, high-CBG strains are typically the result of extensive cross-breeding and genetic manipulation.


Cannabichromene, or CBC, is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid with a number of potential health benefits and has been suggested to work synergistically with other cannabinoids. In other words, CBC may increase the anti-inflammatory or pain relief effects of other cannabinoids such as CBD. Early research has also shown CBC to be one of the most effective cannabinoids at inhibiting the growth of new cancer cells.


Cannabinol, or CBN, is a mildly psychoactive cannabinoid that, similarly to THC, is produced by the oxidization of THCA. CBN is commonly used as a sedative or to aid sleep. Like many other cannabinoids, research has shown that consuming CBN can help regulate the immune system to reduce inflammation and reduce chronic pain. As a result, it is one of the cannabinoids often used by people with conditions like arthritis and Crohn’s disease.


Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is by far the most well-known cannabinoid found in cannabis and is the primary chemical responsible for the intoxicating effects associated with smoking, vaping, or otherwise consuming cannabis plants and extracts. It is one of the products of oxidizing THCA.

Cannabinoids 101 - THC

While THC is often associated with its psychoactive properties and the recreational use of marijuana, THC can also be an effective suppressant of pain and nausea. It also helps to protect your brain cells from damage, and studies have shown that THC can ease a range of symptoms experienced by people suffering from PTSD, such as agitation, depression, and insomnia, and reduce the occurrence of flashbacks and nightmares.


Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid, or THCA, is a precursor chemical to several other cannabinoids, including THC. Unlike THC however, THCA is not a psychoactive cannabinoid. Early studies suggest that it may confer many of the same health benefits as THC, but without the intoxicating effect, making it potentially more useful as a treatment for inflammation and nausea.

While any cannabis strain that contains THC technically contains THCA, heating cannabis flower by smoking or vaping will convert that THCA into THC. Instead, THCA is commonly consumed via drinks and tinctures made with juiced raw cannabis plant matter.


Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabivarin, or THCV, is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid with somewhat different cannabinoid effects compared to other cannabinoids. These include reduced appetite and increased satiety after eating, as well as a boost to energy metabolism. These effects make it useful for managing or losing weight, as well as managing type 2 diabetes.

Delta-8 THC

Delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as Delta-8 THC or simply Delta-8, is a close cousin to THC that produces many of the same effects. It is considerably less potent than THC as an intoxicant, however, though it still produces a similar psychoactive effect.

Delta-10 THC

Delta-10-tetrahydrocannabinol, or Delta-10 THC, is another cannabinoid that offers similar effects to THC, with milder and more relaxing psychoactive properties. They are also commonly used by people looking for a less intense experience.

athlete performance

The Role Of Cannabis In Athletic Recovery

These days, marijuana has far less of a negative social stigma than it used to. This is largely down to the recent trend of decriminalization and legalization of the plant across the USA.

The role of cannabis in sports is an often understated one, but not for long. There are now countless fitness gurus and sports stars who use weed as part of their training and athletic recovery process, trailblazing the way for its use in the mainstream and steering weed away from its social stigma of laziness and sedentariness.

marijuana and athletic performanceNowadays, you can head down to your local marijuana dispensary and pick up some cannabis legally in a variety of different products, opening the door for both medicinal and recreational users. But what if there is a third use?

You don’t have to look very far to find some famous athletes who advocate the use of cannabis in sports. One of the most high-profile events was back in 2016 when Nate Diaz smoked a vape pen containing CBD oil during his post-fight press conference after his loss to Conor McGregor in their high-profile rematch. This led to a full investigation by the USADA but did not eventually lead to any suspension.

When prompted about the vape pen that he was smoking, Nate responded:

“It helps with the healing process and inflammation. You can get these for before and after training. They will make your life a better place.”

With that being said, let’s take a look at the role of marijuana and athletic performance and how it can aid in recovery.

Sleep Quality and Quantity

As we all know, sleep plays a huge role in the athletic recovery process. There have been many studies that show its significance, with most showing a strong correlation between improved sleep and improved muscle recovery times, increased glycogen synthesis, and increased aerobic endurance.

Cannabis can help athletes to get a better night’s sleep by acting as a natural sleep aid without the need for harmful and addictive drugs. Cannabis contains many chemicals that help users get to sleep faster and stay asleep for longer, boosting their recovery times through improved sleep quality.

To improve athletes’ sleep quality, another option is CBD massages, it is a really helpful way to boost their sleep quality and quantity.

Sluggish Appetites

athletic performance Like sleep, having the right diet is vital for athletic recovery. Protein plays a key role in muscle synthesis and must be consumed in high amounts if our bodies are to recover effectively post-exercise. For those of us that suffer from sluggish appetites, this can be a problem.

Fortunately, cannabis has appetite-inducing properties, commonly referred to as the munchies. It’s often prescribed as a treatment for appetite loss by doctors and can also be used by athletes who struggle to hit their daily calorie target. Just make sure you stay away from the candy!

Swelling and Inflammation

The swelling and information properties in cannabis are simply amazing. This is exactly the benefit that Nate Diaz was talking about when he mentioned CBD in his post-fight press conference.

CBD has extremely powerful anti-inflammatory properties that help with various conditions and problems that can arise from intense exercise. Injuries that occur during training are typically accompanied by swelling, so supplementing with CBD oil seems like an obvious solution to the problem.

A 2015 review published in Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry found that CBD reduces inflammation through several pathways in the body, representing an effective potential treatment for a range of conditions characterized by inflammation. On top of that, CBD may prove to be an option for managing anxiety and chronic pain, which can result from intense athletic exercise.

Recovery Methods and Time

The best way to use cannabis for athletic recovery is to supplement CBD as soon as possible after your workout is completed. This allows marijuana cannabinoids to get to work immediately, helping to reduce general pain, muscle spasms, stiffness, and inflammation that can arise post-workout.

The good news is that you cannot overdose on CBD. Even when you take too much, it very rarely feels uncomfortable. THC is the compound that is responsible for the psychoactive experience that users feel when they smoke weed. If you take pure CBD oil, then you will not experience any of these effects, leaving your mind clear and your body benefiting from the recovery-boosting properties in the CBD.

This goes to show that marijuana and athletic performance complement each other very well, especially as cannabis has been shown to have very few harmful side effects when consumed responsibly.

CBD topicals

A Complete Guide to CBD Topicals

When it comes to taking CBD, there is more than one way to skin a cat. As the popularity of CBD has soared in the past few years, so too has the number of CBD products available on the market.
Now you can take CBD in capsule form, you can smoke it or ingest it with a vape pen, and you can even apply it to your skin topically.
Depending on what benefits you are trying to achieve, it’s important to consider the appropriate method of consumption. In this article, we will bring you a complete guide to CBD topicals and what sort of benefits you can expect to see from using CBD in this way.

What are CBD Topicals?

Good question! A CBD topical is a fancy word for balms, oil, lotion, shampoo, and other skin products that are infused with CBD oil. These versatile, easy-to-use products work slightly differently than other CBD products.
They are applied directly to the skin or the area that you are looking to get some relief from.

Topical CBD can provide relief for following health issues:

CBD oil

  • Muscle Pain
  • Joint Pain
  • Eczema
  • Arthritis
  • Foot Pain
  • Hand Pain
  • Headache
  • Psoriasis
  • Dermatitis

How Do CBD Topicals Work?

Topical CBD products can help address inflammation at a specific area of your body. These products work in two ways. Firstly, topical CBD works by binding to cannabinoid receptors.
These products also work by influencing the ECS (Endocannabinoid system). The ECS has several functions, such as controlling the life cycle of skin cells, regulating immunity, and modulating inflammation.
Wondering how to apply CBD topicals? First, you need to clean the affected area, apply some CBD cream to your fingers, and rub into the skin in a circular motion. It is advisable to use it regularly to get proper relief from pain or inflammation.

Benefits of CBD Topicals

cbd soap

Here are some of the main use cases for CBD and the benefits you can expect to find when applying it topically.
Reduce Pain and Skin Inflammation
CBD has anti-inflammatory properties. When used topically, it provides relief to soothe sore muscles and inflamed joints. More and more people are using CBD topicals to soothe their muscles, reduce pain and inflammation, and protect joints from nerve pain.
Made from full-spectrum hemp extract, topical CBD skincare products promote glowing, wrinkle-free skin.

Promotes Healthy Skin

Healthy skin has an even tone and texture. Want great looking skin? CBD topical helps to soothe skin irritation by reducing inflammation. According to some anecdotal reports, CBD topical products may help to ease several health conditions i.e., sunburn, itching, eczema, etc.

Reduce Arthritis

More than 350 million people suffer from arthritis all over the world. Swelling, pain, and inflammation in the joints are some of the common symptoms of arthritis. A study found that CBD topical products help to fight the effects of arthritis.

Heals Burns Faster

CBD topicals help reduce pain and inflammation caused due to burns. It also helps to heal your burns faster.

Eliminate Back Aches

Suffering from backache? Topical CBD oil is proven to be effective for people experiencing back pain. It is one of the best ways to reduce or eliminate pain in a safe and natural way.

Different Types of CBD Topicals

As mentioned earlier, there are a few different types of topical CBD products- CBD balms, CBD creams & lotions, CBD bath bombs, etc. Let’s look a little closer at each one of these and what they entail.

CBD Salves, Balms, & Ointments

CBD salves, balms, & ointments are some of the most popular types of CBD topicals available on the market.
These CBD topicals consist of natural wax, a fatty oil base, hemp extract, and other essential oils. CBD salves, balms & ointments are almost the same, the only difference is usually in the consistency. Balms are thicker, and salves and ointments have lower wax content.

CBD Creams & Lotions

CBD creams and lotions are quite similar to balms, but they contain oil and water. These products help to hydrate and rejuvenate the skin.

Transdermal CBD Patches

Transdermal CBD Patch, a CBD-infused stick-on, is designed to provide a continuous supply of CBD content directly to the skin. These CBD patches deliver cannabinoids to the bloodstream and are great for people that are looking for prolonged pain relief.

CBD Topical Oil

CBD topical oil combines CBD extract with a high-quality oil. These topical products contain botanicals for a pleasant smell.

Last Words

So there you have it. I hope this guide will serve you well when you are looking to purchase a new CBD topical product. It is important to consider the benefits that you are seeking and what the purpose of the CBD supplementation is.
Not all of the products listed above will be correct for every type of ailment, so make sure you do your research and pick the correct product for you.
If you want to get a high-quality CBD topical, you should head to your local marijuana dispensary, which should offer an extensive selection of products for you to choose from.

Thanks for reading!